Arctic Star medal given to those who served on a
ship or plane north of the Arctic Circle during WWII
Canadian & Newfoundland Merchantmen
Lost Due to Enemy Actions in WWII.
Compiled by Commander Fraser M. McKee 2012
The Fort Camosun torpedoed in the Strait of Juan de Fuca by a Japanese submarine.
(Photo from Maritime Museum of British Columbia 992.027.0014)
- Ships (listed alphabetically in caps); date lost - number of persons lost/survivors
- Date format: year.month.day
- Number lost includes only merchant seamen & DEMS gunners
- (N) = Newfoundland ship
- * = Foreign ship operated by Canada
- # = Fishing schooner or sailing vessel
- c. = circa - approximately
- (+ a no.) = passengers or soldiers also lost (often approximate)
- A.D. HUFF - 1941.02.22 - 2/40; Sunk by gunfire, GNEISENAU, mid-Atlantic south of Greenland.
- ALBERT C. FIELD - 1944.06.18 - 4/29; By aerial torpedo, off Isle of Wight, English Channel.
- ANGELUS *# - 1943.05.19 - 8/2; Sunk by gunfire, U-161, 375 miles south of N.S.
- AVONDALE PARK - 1945.05.7 - 2/33; By torpedo, U-2336, off Firth of Forth, North Sea.
- BIC ISLAND * - 1942.10.28 - 36/0; By torpedo. U-224, mid-Atlantic.
- CALGAROLITE - 1942.05.9 - 0/45; By torpedo & gunfire, U-125, NW Caribbean, south of Cuba.
- CANADIAN CRUISER - 1941.02.21 - 0/34; Sunk by explosive charge placed by ADMIRAL SCHEER, northern Indian Ocean.
- CANADOLITE - 1941.05.25 - 0/41; Captured by raider KORMORAN, mid-Atlantic near equator. Taken to France. (Sunk at Brest in RAF raid in Aug. 1944 as SUDETENLAND).
- CARIBOU (N) - 1942.10.14 - 31 (+106)/101 (+ a few passengers); By torpedo, U-69, between Sydney, C.B. and Port-au-Basques, NFLD.
- CAROLUS * - 1942.10.9 - 11 (4 Cdns)/19; By torpedo, U-69, in Gulf of St. Lawrence, near Métis, QC.
- CHR. J. KAMPMANN * - 1942.11.3 - 19/8; By torpedo, U-160, eastern Caribbean north of Venezuela.
- COLLINGDOC - 1940.07.13 - 2/c.20; Mined in the Thames off Southend. Raised, used as Scapa Flow blockship.
- CORNWALLIS - 1944.12.3 - 44/5; By torpedo, U-1230, in Gulf of Maine, off U.S. coast.
- DONALD STEWART - 1942.09.3 - 3/16; By torpedo, U-517, in Strait of Belle Isle, between Newfoundland and Labrador.
- EMPRESS OF ASIA - 1942.02.5 - 1 (+15 & 1 as POW)/(unknown - c.400+); Set afire by Japanese a/c, run ashore, abandoned off Singapore.
- ERIK BOYE * - 1940.06.15 - 0/22; By torpedo, U-38, west of Land’s End, Cornwall.
- ESMOND (N) - 1941.05.9 - 0/50; By torpedo, U-110, mid-Atlantic southeast of Greenland.
- EUROPA * - 1941.05.4 - 0/45; Set afire & holed in a/c raid on Liverpool; partly repaired, damaged again in later raid and abandoned.
- FRANK B. BAIRD - 1942.05.22 - 0/23; Sunk by gunfire, U-158, southeast of Bermuda.
- GERALDINE MARY (N)- 1940.08.4 - 2 (+1)/48; By torpedo, U-52, eastern Atlantic, west of Scotland.
- GEORGE L. TORIAN - 1942.02.22 - 13(+2)/4; By torpedo, U-129, Caribbean southeast of Trinidad.
- HELEN FORSEY (N)# - 1942.09.6 - 2/4; Sunk by gunfire, U-514, Atlantic, southeast of Bermuda.
- HUMBER ARM (N) - 1940.07.8 - 0/43; By torpedo, U-99, south end St. George’s Channel, northwest of Cornwall.
- JAMES E NEWSOM # - 1942.05.1 - 0/8; Sunk by gunfire, U-69, Atlantic, northeast of Bermuda.
- JASPER PARK - 1943.07.6 - 4/51; By torpedo, U-177, Indian Ocean, southeast of Durban, South Africa.
- J.B. WHITE - 1941.03.17 - 2/39; By torpedo, U-99, eastern North Atlantic, northwest of Scotland.
- JOHN A HOLLOWAY - 1942.09.6 - 1/23; By Torpedo, U-164, central Caribbean North of Aruba.
- KENORDOCK - 1940.09.15 - 7/13; Sunk by gunfire, U-99, Atlantic, west of northern Scotland.
- KITTY’S BROOK (N) - 1942.05.10 - 9/23; By Torpedo, U-588, southeast of Cape Sable, N.S.
- LADY DRAKE - 1942.05.5 - 6 (+ 6)/240; By torpedo, U-106, northwest of Bermuda.
- LADY HAWKINS - 1942.01.19 - 92 (+ c.158)/21 (+50 passengers & RN seamen); By torpedo, U-66, southeast of Cape Hatteras, N.C.
- LENNOX - 1942.02.23 - 2/20; By Torpedo, U-129, between British Guyana and Trinidad.
- LIVERPOOL PACKET - 1942.05.30 - 2/19; By torpedo, U-432, 12 miles south of Nova Scotia.
- LIVINGSTON (N) - 1944.09.5 - 14/14; By torpedo, U-541, south end of Cabot Strait, off Cape Breton.
- LORD STRATHCONA - 1942.09.5 - 0/44; By torpedo, U-513, at anchor in Conception Bay, Newfoundland.
- LUCILLE M. # - 1942.07.25 - 0/11; Sunk by gunfire, U-89, southeast of Cape Sable, N.S.
- MAGOG - 1940.07.5 - 0/23; Sunk by gunfire then torpedo, U-99, Atlantic, southwest of Ireland.
- MAPLECOURT - 1941.02.6 - 38/0; By torpedo, U-107, northeast Atlantic, off Ireland.
- MILDRED PAULINE # - 1942.05.01 - 7/0; Sunk by gunfire, U-136, Atlantic, southeast of Nova Scotia.
- MONA MARIE # - 1942.06.28 - 0/7 (+ 1); Sunk by gunfire, U-126, in Caribbean east of Grenada.
- MONT LOUIS - 1942.05.8 - 13/8; By torpedo, U-162, off British Guyana, NE South America.
- MONTROLITE - 1942.02.4 - 28/20; By torpedo, U-109, Atlantic northeast of Bermuda.
- NIPIWAN PARK - 1945.01.4 - 2/29; By torpedo, U-1232, 30 miles south of Halifax.
- NORFOLK - 1942.09.18 - 6/13; By torpedo, U-175, off Georgetown, British Guyana.
- OAKTON - 1942.09.7 - 0 (?)/19; By torpedo, U-517, east of Gaspé, QC.
- POINT PLEASANT PARK - 1945.02.23 - 9/49; By torpedo, U-510, south Atlantic, NE of Capetown, South Africa.
- PORTADOC - 1941.04.7 - 2 (as POWs)/c.20; By torpedo, U-124, Atlantic east of Freetown, Sierra Leone.
- PRESCODOC - 1942.07.29 - 16/5; By torpedo, U-160, north of Georgetown, British Guyana.
- PRINCESS MARGUERITE - 1942.08.17 - 0 (+ c.55 soldiers)/131; By torpedo, U-83, eastern Mediterranean, north of Port Said.
- ROBERT MAX (N)# - 1941.08.4 - 0/6; Sunk by gunfire, U-126, Atlantic southeast of Azores.
- ROBERT W. POMEROY - 1942.04.1 - 1/22; Mined, North Sea off Norfolk.
- ROSE CASTLE - 1942.11.2 - 3/13; By torpedo, U-518, at anchor, Conception Bay, Newfoundland.
- ROTHERMERE (N)- 1941.05.20 - 21 (+1)/24; By torpedo, U-98, mid-Atlantic, south of Greenland.
- ST MALO * - 1940.10.12 - 28/16; By torpedo, U-101, north Atlantic, northeast of Ireland.
- SARNIADOC - 1942.03.14 - 21/0; Sunk by gunfire, U-161, central Caribbean west of Dominica.
- SHINAI - 1941.12.24 - 2 (1 as POW)/?; Abandoned in Sarawak River, Borneo; seized by Japanese. (Sunk as SHINAI MARU in Celebes by USAF in September 1944).
- TABER PARK - 1945.03.13 - 32/4; By torpedo of midget submarine KU5, in North Sea, off Norfolk.
- THOROLD - 1940.08.22 - 9/17; Sunk by dive bombers, St. George’s Channel, off southwest Wales.
- TORONDOC - 1942.05.21 - 23/0; By torpedo, U-69, Caribbean, west of Martinique.
- TREVISA - 1940.10.16 - 7/14; By torpedo, U-124, mid-Atlantic south of Iceland.
- TROISDOC - 1942.05.21 - 0/18; Sunk by gunfire, U-558, Caribbean, west of Jamaica.
- VANCOUVER ISLAND * - 1941.10.15 - 65(+c,.40)/0; By torpedo, U-558, mid-north Atlantic.
- VICTOLITE - 1942.02.10 - 47/0; By torpedo, U-564, Atlantic northwest of Bermuda.
- VINELAND - 1942.04.20 - 1/35; By torpedo, U-154, Atlantic, northeast of Windward Passage, east of Cuba.
- WATERLOO - 1940.07.10 - 0/20; Sunk by a/c bombing, southern North Sea off East Anglia.
- WATERTON (N)- 1942.10.11 - 0/c.27; By torpedo, U-186, in Cabot Strait, off Cape Breton.
- WATUKA - 1944.03.22 - 1/26; By torpedo, U-802, southeast of Halifax, N.S.
COLLINGDOC is the only one of these ships of which a part can still be seen, as remains of the barriers at Scapa Flow, Orkney.
NIPIWAN PARK is questionable, as only the bow 1/3 was lost. The balance was towed into Halifax, a new bow built and the ship sold to Irving Oil in 1946. Also the Park in Manitoba is spelled as Nipawin Park – (an error by the builders).
JAMES E. NEWSOM: Lunenburg-registered when she sailed, but registry changed to Barbados when she sailed from there and was sunk.
NOTE: These ships were all registered in Canada or Newfoundland during the war, and were the only ones sunk by enemy action while flying the Canadian ‘red ensign’ as far as has been researched. Many other Canadian’owned ships were registered elsewhere when sunk. They often appear on lists of ‘Canadian’ ships lost, but were not Canadian at the time. Ships such as these:
- i. Most of Canadian Pacific’s EMPRESS, DUTCHESS and BEAVER ships were British registered.
- ii. Some Imperial Oil tankers - JOSEPH SEEP & JAMES McGEE, both mined, registered in Panama.
- iii. WESTERN HEAD (Bahamas); Paterson’s SORELDOC - sold, then registered in Panama; ST LINDSAY (Cardiff, Wales).
- iv. Canadian Pacific’s MONTROSE became HMS FORFAR, sunk 1940.12.2. CNSS’s LADY SOMERS became an Admiralty boarding ship and sunk 1941.07.15
- v. All FORT–class ships were British or U.S. registered when lost.
- vi. LADY NELSON sunk in harbour at Castries St. Lucia, raised, became a hospital ship.
- vii. NEREUS & PROTEUS, acquired from the USN, reportedly sunk by explosives put aboard by spies in British Virgin Islands. Not so, and both elderly and unsafe ships that almost certainly broke up at sea in heavy weather. (Researched by USCG.)
- viii. A multitude of merchantmen and fishing schooners were lost due to stress of weather, poor navigation, convoy collisions, or broken machinery. Many crop up on lists, such as these:
- - The FLORA ALBERTA, a fishing schooner, was run down by a convoy. The SILVER STAR PARK, in a convoy collision, caught fire (towed in & repaired).
- - Ships run ashore & lost - The CANATCO (Labrador), WATKINS F. NISBET (English Channel), R.J. CULLEN (Hebrides).
- - Ships foundered - LISIEUX, HAMILDOC.
- - The GREENHILL PARK - caught fire alongside in Vancouver BC, was salvaged.
This article is from cite: McKee, Fraser M. (2012) Canadian & Newfoundland Merchantmen Lost during the Second World War.
Nauticapedia.ca 2012. http://nauticapedia.ca/Articles/Merchant_Losses2.php
MERCHANT SHIPS SUNK 1939 - 1945 ... DONATED BY GREGORY AND DENISE PALMER
PHOTOCOPY DONATED BY GREGORY & DENISE PALMER..
“LANE VICTORY” museum in Los Angeles (photo by John Webber)
Photo of SS VANCOUVER ISLAND donated by Barry Taylor
Gordon Douglas Bunt, (Barry Taylor’s relative) lost his life on the 15th of Octobder, when his ship SS VANCOUVER ISLAND was torpedoed and sunk by U558. The SS Vancouver Island sailed from her home port, Montreal, on 24 September 1941 for Sydney, Cape Breton, with a full cargo as well as 32 passengers. On the 5th of October she sailed in the Liverpool-bound 52 ship convoy SC-48, with her destination being Belfast and Cardiff. On the 15th of October the convoy was intercepted by 13 U-boats that, over the next three days, sank 11 ships from the Convoy and damaged one other. On the first day of the attack the SS Vancouver Island was sailing behind the main convoy as a straggler when she was torpedoed and sunk by U-558.
Captain Roper, crew, gunners and passengers all perished.
Gordon Bunt was Chief Officer on this vessel. He is remembered on Panel 17 of the Halifax Memorial.
(U-558 was sunk on the 20th of July, 1943)
SS GERALDINE MARY sunk by U-52 on August 4th, 1940.
Cup from SS GERALDINE MARY sunk by U-52 on August 4th, 1940.